Cable Questions: What Are the 4 Types of Network Cables?

Did you know that as of 2021 more than 74 million households in the United States of America use cable services? Network cables are a vital part of the communication and entertainment infrastructure in the United States and for good reason. These cables allow you access to each cable news network to stay up to date on what is happening in the world.

There are multiple types of network cable wiring and each has its benefits and drawbacks. Knowing the differences will make you an informed and educated consumer when you’re looking at the different cable TV networks that you can sign up with.

The good news is that you’ve come to the perfect place to learn all about ethernet network cables and fiber optic network cables. Keep reading this article to learn everything that you need to know about network cables today.

Fiber Optic Network Cables

The most advanced and popular option when it comes to the different network cables is the fiber optic network cable. This cable type is made up of a bunch of glass threads that use light waves to transmit data and messages at a rapid rate. They’re also the most complex type of cable network you can choose.

The cable works due to the outer casing surrounding the light that travels within. This works to trap it and keep it in the central portion of the cable. There are two different ways that the light can get configured. One is single-mode and the other is multi-mode. 

Single-mode is more expensive when it comes to the installation and the cost of the connectors. This is because it allows for much higher bandwidth. This means it is more effective at transferring data. It can also carry data and messages almost 40 miles.

Multi-mode is the less expensive option when it comes to fiber optic network cables. They require less expensive components and a lower installation cost. The downside to this option is that you get worse performance. It results in lower bandwidth and it can only carry the data around one mile.

Benefits of Fiber Optic Network Cables

There are a number of benefits that come with fiber optic cables when it comes to cable TV networks. Using a network cable tester will show you that this type of cable produces the best performance. You’ll discover that the bandwidth levels of this type of cable are much higher than the alternatives.

You’ll find that fiber optic cables of the same size can carry a significant amount more data compared to copper cables and wires. It is also the most secure option. In an era where cyber theft and hacking are commonplace, it is nice to have the peace of mind that your fiber optic cabling is secure and safe to use.

This is due to the fact that fiber optic cables don’t emit or produce signals like other types of cabling. This means that it is difficult for hackers to intercept your data. The only way to access your data and information is by cutting into the wire at the end of the transmission which would take the entire network down with it.

It also doesn’t involve the transmission of electricity. This makes it a much safer technology to use when compared to copper cables since it uses light rather than electricity. This type of cable can get touched and handled without the safety risk.

Another great benefit that comes with fiber optic network cables is their ability to withstand changes in temperature and work in wet conditions. Moisture and bad weather have zero effect on your fiber optic cable. This means that fiber optics are the most reliable way to send and receive data and information.

Shielded Twisted Pair Network Cables

Another type of network cable that is common is the twisted pair. This is a pretty normal type of wiring or cable used for TV and internet services. It helps to connect your home or your business to a solid and stable internet connection. It works by taking two separate wires and putting them together in an insulated coating.

These two wires run in a parallel fashion to prevent interference with each other. This means that this type of network cable is great for handling balanced differential signals. This type of cable goes all the way back to the telegraph days so you know that the technology is reliable and effective.

This type of cabling is often referred to as ethernet cables and you’ll find them in almost every office in the United States of America as well as at ctctechnologies.com. This cable type also includes a rubber coating that acts as a shield to ground the cable. This keeps the electricity running through it from harming anyone that touches it.

Benefits of Shielded Twisted Pair Network Cables

Shielded twisted pair network cables bring a good amount of benefits to the table as well. They can carry analog and digital data with ease and they’re easy to use. They’re perfect for carrying smaller amounts of data over shorter distances when compared to fiber optic cables.

It is also great because a portion of the shielded twisted pair cable could get broken but it won’t cause issues with carrying data through the rest of the cable. The cable will stay online despite the damage. The shield is also great because it prevents interference from other wiring and cables in the same vicinity.

They’re also inexpensive when compared to fiber optic cables. This means that you get a great balance of cost and performance when you choose to go with twisted pair network cables.

Unshielded Twisted Pair Network Cables

Unshielded twisted pair network cables are more common when it comes to telecommunications. These cables are different from shielded twisted pair cables because the conductors form one circuit. The wires get twisted around each other which goes a long way towards preventing electromagnetic interference.

They’re not quite as popular as shielded twisted pair network cables but they have their place when it comes to network cable wiring.

Coaxial Network Cables

Coaxial network cables use copper as the way to transport data and information and they’re the most common type of network cable in use today. It uses a conductor in the middle of the cable that gets surrounded by foam insulation. It is then wrapped by a braided shield and covered by a plastic cover to protect the people handling the cable.

This design is great because it allows you to run coaxial network cables alongside metal objects without losing the signal or data that the cable carries. It is much more effective than the twisted pair type of network cable as it has 80 times more transmission ability. It is popular for use carrying signals for cable TV networks and internet services.

Benefits of Coaxial Network Cables

Coaxial network cables bring a large number of benefits to the table. This should come as no surprise given their popularity when it comes to cable and internet services. Coaxial cables are the second-best option to choose when it comes to carrying bandwidth. They can’t keep up with fiber optic cables but they’re still an effective option that is cheaper to use.

You will still get impressive amounts of bandwidth if you choose to go with coaxial cables for your cable news network and cable TV networks. They’re also the easiest type of cable to install. An experienced technician will have no issues installing coaxial cables with basic tools. The same can’t be said for fiber optic cables.

Coaxial cables are also much easier to locate. This is a big deal if you want to get cable and internet services in your home since the technician will need to locate the cable and connect it to your home’s wiring system. They’re easy to locate since they’re metal. Fiber optic cables use glass and are much trickier to locate even for experienced technicians.

Another great benefit of coax cables is their ability to provide power. Fiber optic cables use light rather than electricity to send and receive signals. This means they don’t provide power to use electrical devices. This is an area where coaxial cables have a big advantage since they are made of metal.

They’re also quite durable. A coax cable can take a lot of damage and still handle sending and receiving data as if nothing ever happened.

Choose Your Network Cables Today

There are a number of options when it comes to choosing the network cables that work best for your home or business. Fiber optic cables are the most advanced but also the most expensive. Twisted pair network cables are effective but can’t carry the same bandwidth that fiber optic or coaxial cables can. Coaxial cables are the best balance between effectiveness and cost.

Ultimately it is up to you to decide which option is best for your budget as well as your bandwidth.

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