People may easily fool you into thinking a gemstone is a diamond when it’s a less valuable alternative, like cubic zirconia or moissanite if you don’t know the difference. Thus, you must know how to make sure they are real.
Despite the usefulness and practicality of this guide, it is essential to remember that the results of any single at-home test should not be the gospel. A diamond expert can tell you with certainty whether a diamond is natural because of their training and expertise.
1. Verify the Refractivity of the Stone
Diamonds are so dazzling because the light passing through them is bent so sharply or refracted. Stones with a lower refractive index, such as glass and quartz, don’t reflect light as efficiently, reducing their sparkle. Because it is an intrinsic property of the stone, a stone’s brilliance is difficult to change, even with an expert cut. Look at the stone’s refractivity to determine if it is accurate or fake.
2. Fog Test
Hold the diamond or ring between two fingers while a puff of air is blown over it to perform the fog test. Because of the moisture and heat in your breath, a thin fog will form on the diamond. The diamond is genuine if the fog lifts immediately after being created. If the fog doesn’t clear up within a few seconds, you can bet it’s not real. Since they are excellent heat conductors, diamonds quickly disperse hot temperatures.
3. Consider the Reflection
The reflections of a real diamond typically appear to be shades of gray. Have a good, long look straight down through the diamond’s crown. Rainbow reflections indicate a low-quality or synthetic diamond. Look for anything that “sparkles” instead.
The sparkle of a genuine diamond far outweighs that of a similar-sized piece of glass or quartz. A part of quartz or glass could come in handy as a point of reference. A gemstone called moissanite outshines diamonds in terms of sparkle and shine. But moissanite is not a diamond.
Determine the refractive index of a diamond by placing the stone, flat side down, on a section of the newspaper with a lot of lettering. Be sure the diamond is well-lit and that no one or thing is blocking its light.
If you can make out the newspaper’s letters, even if they’re a little fuzzy, then the diamond is not real. The facets of a genuine diamond will cause light to scatter in many directions rather than travel straight through it. As a result of this diffraction, it won’t be easy to see through the diamond and read the paper.
4. Inspect the Attachment and the Setting
People rarely mount authentic diamonds in inexpensive metals. Genuine gold or platinum settings will be stamped on the interior (10K, 14K, 18K, 585, 750, 900, 950, PT, Plat), “C.Z.” The seal will unveil that the middle pebble isn’t a real diamond. Cubic zirconia (abbreviated as C.Z.) is an artificial alternative to genuine diamonds.
5. Test whether the Stone Breaks when Heated
If you suspect a stone, you can test it by heating it for 30 seconds with a lighter and then placing it in cold water. As a result of the rapid expansion and contraction, fragile materials like glass or quartz will shatter from the inside out. Nothing can break a genuine diamond.
6. Experiment with Water
Collect an ordinary glass and fill it 3/4 full of water. Place the loose stone gently into the glass. A genuine diamond will sink to the bottom of the container. It’s not real if it floats below or above the water’s surface. The water test will reveal whether the density of your stone is comparable to that of a genuine diamond.
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7. Have it Looked at Under a Microscope.
Observe the diamond under a microscope with the highest facet facing down. Use the tweezers to rock the diamond back and forth gently. The diamond may not be real if it has an orange sheen along the facets. In addition, the presence of Cubic Zirconia may suggest that the diamond is flaw-free. It would be best if you had a microscope with a magnification of 1200x to get a good look at the diamond.
8. Use a Highly Precise Scale
Since cubic zirconia typically weighs around 55% more than diamonds of the same shape and size, you can use slight differences in weight to distinguish between the two. This comparison requires an exact scale, with readings down to the carat or grain level.
The only way to reliably conduct this test is to compare the suspect diamond to a known, authentic diamond of a similar size and shape. You won’t be able to tell if the weight is off without a reference point.
9. Obtain Proof of Completion by Requesting a Certificate
The most accurate and trustworthy way to determine whether a diamond is real is to consult the paperwork and the gemologist or appraiser, regardless of the specific tests you may choose to have performed. Expert grading and certification ensure that your stone is of the highest quality and authenticity. If you buy the gem online, sight unseen, you should insist on seeing proof of its authenticity before making the purchase.
Where to Get Real Diamond Earrings
Zales diamond stud earrings are sure to be a show-stopper. Zales Outlet currently has a wide selection of stud earring designs available in both gold and sterling silver.
Amazon offers genuine diamond earrings, ranging from $60 to $975 for studs.
Earrings with genuine diamonds are available for purchase at Macy’s online. You can shop for genuine diamond earrings at Macy’s.
For the finest in one-of-a-kind or custom, handmade stud earrings, peruse our selection of real diamond studs. Visit Etsy.com today.
You may find earrings with natural diamonds and the finest bargains for fine earrings at eBay, which has the most extensive online assortment.